- Illness or disease (contracting a communicable disease, food poisoning, or complications that arise from pre-existing or developing chronic conditions).
- Injury or trauma (accidental or intentional as the result of a transportation accident).
- May result in infection or gangrene if an injury or laceration that goes unnoticed and/or untreated.
- Emotional or psychological distress (as a result of witnessing or being the victim of trauma, an attack, a kidnapping or a disaster).
- May have secondary consequences and/or physical manifestations such as burnout or addictions.
- Age - younger people take more risks, especially men but older people might become more complacent (Henry 2004).
- Gender - there should be a balance between men and women (Henry 2004).
- Experience - whenever possible, it is very beneficial to recruit people who have experience working with the organisation or ones like it (Henry 2004).
- Nationality, heritage and/or place of residence - recruiting locals can be very helpful because they are familiar with the area, language(s) and customs and are more likely to stay and carry on activities (Henry 2004). Having individuals who are more permanent fixtures can help maintain continuity throughout the programs. While organisations have been previously criticised for the lack of opportunities and promotions afforded to local staff, some of the more proactive agencies have actively begun to improve on this front (Henry 2004). However, in conflict situations, they may also be affiliated or seen to be associated with a particular side, which could put them, their coworkers and the effectiveness of the organisation's efforts in danger (Henry 2004).
- Health status - applicants should be found to be in relatively good health before deployment, otherwise the efficiency of their work could be compromised and instead of providing assistance, they may be more likely to require assistance (Henry 2004).
- Other personal factors that could be unveiled in the recruitment/interview process (i.e. criminal history, personal ethics, etc).
- Operational debriefing - operation or work specific.
- Personal debriefing - focuses more on the individual.
- Critical incident debriefing (CID) - very structured personal debrief after traumatic ordeal.
- Exit interview - operational and personal debrief at the end of a professional contract.
Dunham J 2014, Health Aspects of Disaster, Course study guide, University of Queensland, Brisbane.